Jumbo Dancing, office
Gelderman & Zn
This building I found on the same trip as the coach-house
in abandoned:oldenzaal. It looks empty and has not seen much maintenance
the past few years.
The new-looking sign says "het huishouden van Jan Steen",
it's the name of the last user of the building, a 'grand cafe'. It
was only open for a very short time.
|Doing some research (housemate from Oldenzaal and internet) I found
out it was the office building of the Gelderman textile factory.
Below an old drawing of the factory. I found this picture with a lot
of other information about the factory on the website of historisch
H. P. Gelderman & Zn. Compare
photo above with building in lower right corner. Picture from historisch
|Some history from above mentioned website:
The company was founded in 1817. In those days spinning and weaving
was a house industry done by the farmers for some extra income. In
1860 the industrial revolution came and a spinning factory was build,
driven by steam. Gelderman expanded and became the mayor employer
in Oldenzaal and surroundings. In the following years the company
was blooming. A lot of the product were sold in the former Dutch East-Indië
The textile strikes in the twenties and thirties and the economic
depression announced new times. Gelderman and other manufacturers
started to talk with the unions.
In spite of the difficult times for the textile industry in Twente
in the 1960ties Gelderman survived.
On January 2 1970 it is announced H.P. Gelderman & Zonen would merge
with Nijverdal-Ten Cate, another textile company in Twente. The factory
in Oldenzaal stayed in operation, so no workers got fired. However
in 1978 it becomes clear that Nijverdal-Ten Cate too would shut down.
That was the definitive end of the company, it closed down in 1981.
|Most of the factory burned down in
1987, even now remembered as the big "Gelderman fire". Besides
the office building and a small factory hall right across the railroad
tracks nothing is left of the factory. It's space has been filled
in with other small companies.
The office building has been used by several discotheques, but never
with much success. Firstly as "de Jumbo". Metallica performed
there in 1984. Then after a very expensive rebuilding the name changed
to "4-East". For a short period it was known as a great
place to party, being called "de iT van het oosten". There
was even a special busline from Amsterdam to Oldenzaal. This lasted
only a few months however, then visitor levels started to dwindle
(thanks to Adrian Groeneveld, for keeping it out of nostalgic reasons
and sending me a digital scan)
One last attempt was made in 2000.
"Dans en Feestcafé 'De huishouding van Jan Steen'"
opened on the 8th of January 2000. To celebrate the opening the
drinks were for free. It got completely out of hand when the employees
could not handle the drunk crowd. According to the employees of
the 2000 visitors at least half was completely drunk. People were
hanging over bars, lying on the floor or falling down stairs. Many
people ended up in hospital because of injuries from fighting or
alcohol poisoning. A girl was injured to her eye when a glass was
thrown in her face.
Because of all the bad publicity the numbers of visitors in the
following days were very disappointing. At more or less the same
time the mayor announced heavy fines for anymore trouble, the managers
decided to close the place for good. It had been open for only 2
flyer promoting the opening
On the day of the royal wedding between prince Willem Alexander
and Maxima I thought it might be quiet outside, everybody in front
of the television. Unfortunately no such luck. Anyway the weather
was quite nice, as you can see on the pictures.
Entering the terrain was not so difficult, the fence
was open. I did have to enter in front of a busy road, so I played
innocent photographer and hoped no paranoid civilian would call
Building from the roadside. Even in
sunlight it looks a bit dreary.
|There's a small tunnel under the railroad track which once connect
the office terrain with the rest of the factory. Later it was used
by disco visitors, when the factory hall on the other side was used
as a parking garage. It seems that for some reason they stopped using
it and the tunnel was blocked.
Blocked tunnel. The sign says "DE TUNNEL IS GESLOTEN U WORDT
mbv EEN BUSJE NAAR DE PARKEER ... " (The tunnel is closed. You
will be brought to the parking .. by bus) (some of the sign is missing).
A picture into the tunnel taken through
Getting into the building was easy. Someone had broken open the emergency
doors on top of the emergency stairs on the railroad-side of the building.
It is something I have been thinking about. Vandalists and thieves
throw in windows or destroy locks on doors. I don't agree with those
methods, but I'm always eager to use the entryways they created to
get into some building.
My way in, the door is wide open.
Look at the windows, they are walled of on the inside.
It was a bit scary inside. Coming from bright sunlight
into an almost completely dark building I didn't see much for what
seemed like a very long time (it was only 5 minutes are so). I remembered
the fence was open, so it wasn't too unlikely someone was in the
building. And there was the wind, repeatedly trying to bang the
outer door shut.
The first pictures I shot were in complete darkness for me, I had
to look at the LCD screen of my camera to see what was in the room.
'Nooduigang' translates as 'emergency
onionway'. :-) The writer probably meant 'nooduitgang' with a 'T'
meaning emergency exit. It supports my theory about the average intellect
The first floor of the building, where I had entered, consisted mostly
empty bottle of apple juice. Those mirrors were real funny, especially
when I unexpectedly saw a reflection of myself.